Afficher ou modifier votre historique de navigation, Recyclage (y compris les équipements électriques et électroniques), Annonces basées sur vos centres d’intérêt. These works, which included the famed Rosetta Stone, were the first important group of large sculptures to be acquired by the museum. The British Museum has one of the world's largest and most comprehensive collections of antiquities from the Classical world, with over 100,000 objects. Ethnographical fieldwork was carried out in places as diverse as New Guinea, Madagascar, Romania, Guatemala and Indonesia and there were excavations in the Near East, Egypt, Sudan and the UK. These terms are still observed, and the collection occupies room 2a.
As such, it contains a broad range of pottery, paintings, tiles, metalwork, glass, seals, and inscriptions from across the Islamic world, from Spain in the west to India in the east. The department also publishes its findings and discoveries. The Museum of London Antiquities was a collection established by Charles Roach Smith in Bishopsgate, London, England.
This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. The small Elgin Room was painted with pure white tinted with prussian blue, and the Room of the metopes was painted with pure white tinted with cobalt blue and black; it was necessary, for practical reasons, to colour all the dadoes a darker colour, It is, I suppose, not positively bad, but it could have been infinitely better. The seven permanent Egyptian galleries at the British Museum, which include its largest exhibition space (Room 4, for monumental sculpture), can display only 4% of its Egyptian holdings. They include approximately 130,000 cuneiform tablets from Mesopotamia.. [a] It was the first public national museum in the world.. Most are made of bronze and decorated in various techniques, including enameling, embossing, silvering, tinning or gilding. Emil Torday collected in Central Africa, Aurel Stein in Central Asia, D.G. (Wilson, David, M.) (2002). Hogarth, Leonard Woolley and T. E. Lawrence excavated at Carchemish.
Be the first to hear about our events, exhibitions and other activities.  The museum has also argued that the British Museum Act of 1963 legally prevents any object from leaving its collection once it has entered it. , "Charles Roach Smith (1807-1890) - Pioneer Rescue Archaeologist", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Museum_of_London_Antiquities&oldid=954686781, Museums of ancient Rome in the United Kingdom, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 May 2020, at 19:26. There was not enough money to put up more new buildings, and so the houses in the other streets are nearly all still standing. 33–34,(Brian Sewell, 2002, Caygill, Marjorie (2006). Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The museum's first notable addition towards its collection of antiquities, since its foundation, was by Sir William Hamilton (1730–1803), British Ambassador to Naples, who sold his collection of Greek and Roman artefacts to the museum in 1784 together with a number of other antiquities and natural history specimens.  These mostly range in date from the beginning of the Greek Bronze Age (about 3200 BC) to the establishment of Christianity as the official religion of the Roman Empire, with the Edict of Milan under the reign of the Roman Emperor Constantine I in 313 AD. , The natural history collections were an integral part of the British Museum until their removal to the new British Museum of Natural History in 1887, nowadays the Natural History Museum. Ashmole, the Keeper of the Greek and Roman Antiquities appreciated the original top-lighting of these galleries and removed the Victorian colour scheme, commenting: Ashmole had never liked the Duveen Gallery: The Cairo Museum has 200,000 artefacts, with leading collections reposited at the Egyptian Museum of Berlin (100,000), Musée du Louvre (60,000), Petrie Museum (80,000), The Metropolitan Museum of art (26,000), University of Pennsylvania (42,000), Ashmolean Museum (40,000), Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (40,000), Museo Egizio, Turin (32,500 objects). In May 2016, the British Museum was temporarily closed after Greenpeace climbers unfurled eight banners down the front columns of the British Museum in protest at BP's sponsorship of an exhibition about Ancient Egypt. Active support by the museum for excavations in Egypt continued to result in important acquisitions throughout the 20th century until changes in antiquities laws in Egypt led to the suspension of policies allowing finds to be exported, although divisions still continue in Sudan. The museum purchased many Roman-British objects from the antiquarian Charles Roach Smith in 1856.
His clothing and the staff in his hand offer clues to his rank. In 1840, the museum became involved in its first overseas excavations, Charles Fellows's expedition to Xanthos, in Asia Minor, whence came remains of the tombs of the rulers of ancient Lycia, among them the Nereid and Payava monuments. More material followed from the excavations of Max Mallowan at Chagar Bazar and Tell Brak in 1935–1938 and from Woolley at Alalakh in the years just before and after the Second World War. The construction commenced around the courtyard with the East Wing (The King's Library) in 1823–1828, followed by the North Wing in 1833–1838, which originally housed among other galleries a reading room, now the Wellcome Gallery.
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